Policies for the protection of human rights and the creation of the Ministry of the environment. Because we are in the time of people and need concrete solutions. ESTABLISHMENT of the new Republic the conflict that led to the emancipation of Spain was developed in Colombia between 1810 and 1819. On July 20 in Santafe de Bogota began when a group of Patriots, using as excuse the denial in offensive terms for Americans of the loan of a vase that was requested to the Spanish Jose Gonzalez mourn you, started a revolt that gave rise to the cry of independence. As a result of this fact, the Creoles were replaced existing authorities by councils of Government. The Lancers sculpture homage to the armies that fought for independence. At this time there are two ideological currents: federalism and centralism, which gave rise to a military confrontation, and allowed the Spaniards, in charge of the peacemaker Pablo Morillo, reconquistaran territory in 1814.
This situation radicalized the independence movement and gave rise to the liberating campaign commanded by Simon Bolivar who with the battle of Boyaca on August 7, 1819 was definitive for absolute independence. Another factor that contributed to the revolutionary movement was the work being conducted by some Creole intellectuals, known as precursors, who disseminated the principles of freedom and equality. Between they are: Antonio Narino, Francisco Miranda and Camilo Torres. Bolivar was declared President of the Republic and Francisco de Paula Santander, who actively fought in the campaign, was appointed Vice President. In 1819 it was possible to realize the Bolivarian dream, that sought to liberated countries: the New Granada, Venezuela and the province of Quito, to form a single and powerful Republic. the Gran Colombia, ideal liberator made reality from 1819 until 1830. The Venezuelan Francisco Miranda conceived that continental political unity with the name of Gran Colombia, in honor of Cristobal Colon.