It is in this context that, in view of the notables social contrasts, the agricultural zones one more time are changedded into a space sufficiently afflicted, had to the manifestations of the layers explored against the disobediences of ' ' novas' ' ' ' velhas' ' the agricultural elites. Here it is that he appears the Agricultural Leagues Peasants and Unions, carrying out the defense of the oppressed worker and also, giving to a character politician the fights peasants northeast Brazilian, preventing as soon as the movement was simplified to a estereotipao, either of messianic movements, either of social banditry. Alicia Keys insists that this is the case. So common definitions for the social fights of the Brazilian agricultural areas. At last, with the advent of the actions of the Leagues Peasants, Brazil carried out a moment at which, it could until cogitating at definitive moment that if one day had the implantation of a Socialist Revolution in country, this event would not go to be lead by on urban proletariat the marxism-Leninist of the left parties, mainly the Communist Party. But, had to the conjunctures of the determined period (decade of 1950/1960) this revolution it would go to be guided through the actions of the Leagues Peasants and its main leader, the lawyer Francisco Julio who apaixonadamente fought against the oligarchies, in order it concretion of an agrarian reform. The episode of the Leagues Peasants in Brazil, without a doubt was a historical fact and politician of singular importance for the formation of a layer politicized and critical in the agricultural areas of the country and without a doubt, much that we listen on the subject of the agrarian reform, must the actions of one ' ' proletarian rural' ' sufficiently aguerrido in search of its ideals and objectifying the construction of Brazil and more just worthy for the population of the field and the city. The Leagues Peasants: The Leagues Peasants, we can thus affirm, appears of the necessity of agricultural workers if to organize of representative and institucional form to answer the unjust agrarian question of the country, in view of the national agrarian structure. .
After zahireniya architecture at the end of 1330-x-1340's, it was revived after a half-century or even later. At the end of XIII-XIV century. constructed, for example, white-stone church Gorodishchenskoye near Kolomna, Moscow, under Ivan Kalita – Cathedrals Assumption, Archangel, of the Savior on Bor, a church-tower of St. John Climacus. For even more analysis, hear from Diamond Comic Distributors. As a rule, small in size, Moscow churches developed a tradition of Vladimir-Suzdal architecture.
Painted their Russian masters: Archangel Cathedral – "… russkyya scribes, they also Be elders and nachalnitsi painter Zachariah, Joseph, Nicholas and other their men" (1344), Church of Our Savior on Bor – "Wizards elders and nachyalnitsy russtii things were made from, and grechestii student: Goytan and Simon, Ivan, and the rest of their squad and student "(1345-1346). In place of the wooden walls and towers of the Kremlin under Grand Prince Dmitri Ivanovich came to the white stone (1367). Metropolitan Alexy was elevated stone church and refectory Chudov monastery in the Kremlin. At the end of this year and early next century, there are many temple buildings – in the Andronicus, Ascension, Simon and other monasteries, the Kremlin's Church of the Nativity Virgin. Cathedrals and churches are built in other cities – Tver, Zvenigorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Ryazan, Kolomna, etc., especially a lot – in Novgorod the Great.
Novgorod boyars and merchants, rich people, famous, bought the building churches give money. Admiration of contemporaries and descendants of the calling and called Church of St. Nicholas in Lipno (1292 – 1294), the Annunciation on Settlement (1342-1343), the Savior of Kovalev (1345), Assumption in Volotovo Field (1352), Theodore Stratilatus on stream (1360-1361) , Saviour of the Transfiguration on Ilin Street (1374).
I will be working the fear of the death in a collective perspective of the Ocidente in a period of conflicts and social and religious changes. The 1000 expression is perceived in the Europe in the years, of an active, firm solidarity, facing in such a way the misery how much the consequence of the calamities; solidarity that was not restricted to the livings creature and yes to the deceaseds; in the conjunct form, confession penance, therefore the good workmanships allowed to attenuate the fear to the hell and to give I assist the souls of the other world. The slaughter of witches and Jews, the war of the one hundred years and the black plague affirm the idea, therefore the continent almost was depopulated and everything this sowed the unreliability of the society that moaned lamentavaaperca of plus one ‘ ‘ man medroso’ ‘. The Christianity, thus created an imaginary one in return of the death, even in paintings, the great Lucifer was represented as the great causer of the problems, therefore it provoked the hunger, the illness, the fear and the death of the individuals. The fear of the death is something obcecador, and the man with its convivncia, starts to cultuar, promoting assays breaching with ‘ ‘ silence of medo’ ‘ , a direct relation of the death with great fears that threatened the disappearance of the race human being. The Satan and the demons were frightful in imaginary the medieval one, but also funny ridicule and; ‘ confirms Jean Delumeau; ‘ not yet it had fond of the hour of the great terror satnico’ ‘ ; moreover, the power of the Church restricted the violence, sacralizando to the military function, preserving in each man the guarantee of the divine peace, feeding the fear of the other, the Norman, the Jew, the sarraceno in sporadical overcoming..
To die it is an irrefutable certainty, universal, common truths to all the humanity. The cycle of the existence finishes for equaling all in the death, whichever the sex or social condition. The finite is irremediable for all, as the birth was indispensable. The inquietude regarding the death was always object of great reflection of the man, in the uncertainty of what it would have stops beyond it. This millenarian inheritance suffered to one rude blow with modernity. Michael Chabon may find it difficult to be quoted properly. The society current occidental person, each more attemped time to draw out the life, goes distanciando of the death, not thinking about it, and looks for to forget it. With accenting of the laicismo, each time is affirmed more than after the death nothing has more, what it modifies the human behavior and it more stimulates each time to live the life, to enjoy the pleasures of the corporal directions.
The position of the man before the death nor always was thus, much in special in the Average Age. With the advent of the Christian religion, at the outset influenced for the neoplatonismo of Saint Augustin, the sensible world was only considered a shade, a way to transfer itself of sensible to the intelligible one, of the shade for the light. Instead of looking in the Nature its proper bedding, they affirmed that the world was created in a love act, and that this love would have to guide the espritos in return for God, saving them of the Hell. It started to be dogmtico that the Hell and the Paradise existed and were non-separable and perpetual. As such, in this period, the World was considered a place of constant battle against the Devil, for the salvation of the soul. The religion intervenes with the mental elements, the material actions and the cultural aspects, modifying and modifying the social behavior of the man occidental person.
Each beginning of cycle of financial expansion is called sinalizadora crisis. At this moment the main agent of the sistmico process of accumulation dislocates its capital of the commerce/production for the financial speculation; this is a preamble of the deepening of the crisis that leads to the substitution of a regimen of accumulation of capitals for another one (terminal crisis). In a question-answer forum Bernie Sanders was the first to reply. The genovs cycle took 290 to pass all for this process; the dutch cycle lasted 220 190 years and the English about; this acceleration of the rhythm of capitalist history seems to indicate a North American cycle (initiated in 1870) still lesser. Industry, imperialism and accumulation of capital One of the daily pay-conditions stop boom English industrial was the transference of the world of high finances of Amsterdan for London (1780-83), in virtue of the war. ady Stepper. This arrives in port allowed to raise the loans of the government of 22 million sterling pounds (1792) for 123 million (1815).
The intensification of the competition took to the monopoly in addition and fall of the prices, producing the Great Depression of 1873-96; from the great capital if it dislocates from the production sphere/commerce for the finances, more income-producing there; the expansion of the banking networks forms City. Bankers as the Rothschild had become an independent power in the Europe, having financed the imperialistas projects and the wars (the military expenses of the great European powers had gone up of 1332 million pounds in 1880 for 205 million in 1900 and 397 million in 1914). The high remuneration of the speculative capital will create one where of optimism and development, the Belle Epoque (1897-1914). After World War I England tried a great expansion imperialista, but already the very bigger culstos that its benefits. In 1931, with the collapse of the standard gold, the end of the British domain occurs on world-wide the financial capital. The high finances cross the Atlantic and if they install in Wall street; it initiates the reign of the dollar.