(16) The disputes between Carlos I and the Parliament continued, the King who was prisoner of the parliamentarians escaped and allied with the Scots, sparking a new conflict in year 1648 l. Cromwell suppressed a revolt in Wales, defeated the Scots and was put at the head of the army against the Parliament negotiated with the King. He then ordered the expulsion of the opposition, leaving only a few members that agreed in judge King for treason. V THE REPUBLIC. After the death of the monarch, England was transformed into a Republic without King and without House of Lords, where the Executive branch was formed by a State Council of 41 members elected by the Parliament, only consisting of the House of Commons. Cromwell, not occupy the vacant throne, but with the army imposed its authority against both bodies, that authority proclaimed by Hobbes, as the only one capable of protecting the people English. However the common sessions would only operate from 1649 until 1653 in what is known as the parliamentarian period. In that time Scotland proclaimed King Carlos II, the son of Carlos I and a rebellion that Cromwell with 12 thousand men was responsible for imposing a reign of terror to crush occurs in Ireland.

In Scotland with sixteen thousand men defeated Carlos II and the Presbyterians forcing the King to flee to France (17). In 1653 Cromwell violently dissolves Parliament that did not allow the renewal of the body and the Council of State, ruled only until his death in 1658 in the second stage of the Republic which is known as the dictatorship. The army awarded with the title of Lord Protector absolute power because it did not accept the title of King and only had three short-lived parliaments. It divided England into ten military regions with a general in each one, transforming the Republic into a true military dictatorship.